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Sep 22

Health Impact of Overweight and Obesity in Youth

Obesity or being overweight can increase the risk of various health problems including diabetes, heart issues, and even certain cancers, which is a reason why weight loss surgery India are gaining momentum.

What is obesity?

Obesity is a serious chronic disease which can impose a negative effect in many systems of the body. It is a medical condition in which the excess of fat accumulates in the body.

The risk factors contributing to obesity are genetic, metabolic and lifestyle factors. You gain weight if your calories consumed are more than you burn as energy or physical activity.

Obesity parameters

As spoken by a doctor performing obesity surgery in Delhi, gaining few pounds might not seem a big thing to worry, but if that number is increasing with a good pace then it becomes a matter of concern. There are two parameters which can help you assess that your weight is actually increasing and you need to take an action for it.

Body mass index (BMI)

The BMI measures the weight in relation to the height, and provides a score and help you categorize yourself the following ways,

• Normal weight: BMI of 18.5 to 24.9
• Overweight: BMI of 25 to 29.9
• Obesity: BMI of 30 or higher

It helps you calculate whether you are normal weight, overweight or obese.

Waist size

Waist size is another important factor to determine the chances of developing obesity and the associated health risk. Too much of fat around the waist can increase the health risk even more than having fat on other parts of the body. The best obesity surgeon after various researches have suggested that females with a waist size of more than 35 inch and men with a waist size more than 40 inches fall into the high-risk category.

Health problems linked to obesity

Type 2 diabetes

Excess weight brings about changes in cells, making them insulin resistant. Insulin carries sugar from the blood to cells, to be used as energy. If an individual is insulin resistant, blood sugar cannot be taken up by cells, resulting in high blood sugar levels.

High blood pressure

Excess fat damages the kidney, which regulates the blood pressure and also if the person is overweight, the heart needs an extra effort to pump blood to all the cells of the body. This leads to a rise in blood pressure levels.

Heart disease

Obesity leads to a rise in blood pressure levels, cholesterol levels and also blood sugar levels. A rise in the levels of all these factors increases the chances of developing heart diseases.

Stroke

Obesity leads to an increase in blood pressure levels, which is a leading cause of stroke. Excess weight also leads to an increase in other factors which increase the risk of strokes such as cholesterol level, blood sugar, and heart diseases.

Osteoarthritis

Obesity is one of the risk factors for osteoarthritis, as extra weight may put extra pressure on the joints and the cartilages, leading them to wear off early. Extra body fat also leads to an increase in the level of a substance in the blood which causes inflammation, thus raising the risk of osteoarthritis.

Kidney disease

High blood sugar level and high blood pressure levels in an obese person raise the chances of them suffering from a kidney disease. Even if these diseases are absent obesity alone may promote chronic kidney disease and hasten its progress.

If you think you are overweight losing some fat should be bought into consideration. Many people fall into the category where bariatric surgery can help them in losing weight, says the best obesity surgeon. Bariatric surgery is a most effective technique in weight loss and further reducing the related complications.

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