What is hernia?
It is the protrusion (bulge) of abdominal viscera through a weakened part of abdominal wall. A hernia does not get better over time, nor will it go away by itself (except very small congenital navel hernia). It always becomes bigger with time.
What are the common types?
What are its symptoms? How can it be detected?
Hernia is easy to recognize. It appears as a bulge under the skin. This bulge may appear on standing or straining and disappear on lying down. It may or may not be painful. Discomfort may worsen at the end of the day and also while coughing and sneezing.
What is the treatment for hernia?
Surgery is the only cure for majority of hernias, be it Inguinal hernia surgery, incisional hernia surgery or laparoscopic hernia surgery. There is no medical treatment for it.
When should hernia be treated?
Once detected, for best results, the hernia should be treated as early as possible. Also, an early Inguinal hernia surgery, incisional hernia surgery or laparoscopic hernia surgery will prevent complications like obstruction and strangulation. When compared with large hernias, the surgical results with smaller hernias are much more satisfying.
What is strangulation of hernia?
Strangulation of hernia is a surgical emergency.
The hernia becomes very painful, does not reduce and the overlying skin becomes red. The patient will require hospitalization and immediate surgery.
What are the types of surgery available for treating hernias?
How is the laparoscopic / endoscopic repair for hernia performed?
Three (5-5-10 mm sized) incisions are made and cannulas placed in them. A laparoscope (a long narrow telescope) connected to a special camera is inserted through a cannula (a small hollow tube), allowing the surgeon to view the hernia and surrounding area on a video screen. Other cannulas are inserted which allow the surgeon to work 'inside'. A piece of surgical mesh is fixed over the hernia defect and held in place with small surgical staples.
What are the advantages of laparoscopic/ endoscopic Hernia surgery over conventional surgery?
Endoscopic surgery causes much less pain and patients are mobile within hours after surgery. They are also allowed to resume all activities much earlier and can go back to work within 5-7 days. Another advantage is that both sides can be operated in the same sitting without any extra pain or stay. The cosmetic results are excellent.
Is it necessary to use the mesh in all the cases?
Yes. Now world over, there is consensus that the use of mesh is desirable in majority of patients to strengthen the wall whether surgery is done conventionally or endoscopically. Only the childhood hernias are repaired without using mesh.
Is endoscopic surgery safe?
Yes. Done by a properly trained surgeon in a well-equipped center, it is a safe surgery with excellent results.
What happens after admission for Hernia surgery?
Patients are admitted in the hospital on the day of Hernia surgery or a day prior to surgery. On admission, patients are examined and investigations reviewed by one of the team members. A member of the Anaesthesia Team conducts the pre-anaesthetic check-up. Pre-operative investigations are performed if needed. Patients need to be fasting overnight before the surgery. Next morning, he/she will be shifted to the operation theatre half an hour prior to surgery. After surgery, they are shifted to the recovery room for 2-4 hours under the care and supervision of our Anaesthesia Team for observation and then shifted back to the room. It takes about 4-8 hours before the patient comes back to his / her room.
Patient is given sips of water orally on returning to the room and progresses to drinking all liquids on the same evening as surgery. They may sit up, visit the toilet and move around for a few hours after surgery and are encouraged to do so early.
Patients are given a normal breakfast next morning and discharged from hospital after a visit by one of the team members. On discharge, a discharge summary with the advised medication is handed over to the patient.
Can the Hernia Surgery be performed as a day care procedure?
Yes, day care Hernia Surgery is being performed on young and fit patients. Being only a day care procedure hernia surgery cost in India is also very low as compared to other surgeries.
The patient is called to the operation theatre in the morning in a fasting state of more than 8 hours. After the operation, patient is observed for 4-6 hours post operatively in the day care facility before getting discharged. In case the need arises, there is a provision for overnight admission as well.
Post-operative instructions and information
We wish you a speedy recovery...
This is not a substitute for medical advice.
In case of a query, please contact your Doctor.
Bariatric Surgery cost in India and hernia surgery cost India are very much affordable nowadays, with the help of modern techniques and medical advancement.