Things to Know: Diseases that arise out of Obesity
Obesity is one of the major health crises faced by India with over 17 per cent of young Indians being Obese.
Development of obesity negatively affects the health of an individual leading to numerous diseases including some major ones.
• High blood pressure, hypertension: One-third of all cases of high blood pressure are associated with obesity; it is twice as common in adults who are obese than in those who are at a healthy weight
• High blood cholesterol: Fifty per cent more likely to have elevated blood cholesterol levels.
• Diabetes Type 2: Non-insulin dependent accounts for nearly 90 per cent of all cases of diabetes. Researchers estimate that 88 to 97 per cent of type 2 diabetes cases diagnosed in overweight people are a direct result of obesity.
• Congestive heart failure: Obesity increases the risk of congestive heart failure, a potentially fatal condition in which the heart muscle weakens, progressively losing the ability to pump blood.
• Heart disease: Heart attack, congestive heart failure, sudden cardiac death, angina or chest pain, and abnormal heart rhythm is increased in persons who are overweight or obese.
• Stroke: There is a link between obesity and stroke; this is particularly the case for people whose fat is situated predominantly in the abdominal region. Overweight people are more likely to have high blood cholesterol levels and high blood pressure, but these associations are not the only explanations for the greater stroke rate.
• Osteoarthritis: Obesity may be a major factor in the development of osteoarthritis, particularly of the knee and especially in women.
• Some types of cancer: such as endometrial, breast, prostate, and colon
• Psychological disorders: such as depression, eating disorders, distorted body image, and low self-esteem.
Some other associated health disorders are Gallstones and Gallbladder disease, pregnancy complications, poor reproductive health in females, which includes menstrual irregularities, irregular ovulation, infertility etc.