It is very difficult to put up an exhaustive list or types of hernias since many organs or parts of organs can herniate through many orifices. The four major types of Hernia are as follows:
- Inguinal Hernia
- Incisional Hernia
- Umbilical Hernia
- Ventral Hernia
- 75% of all abdominal-wall hernias are Inguinal Hernia
- Its more common in men than in women (27% lifetime risk in men and 3% in women)
- Inguinal hernias are divided into two different types, direct and indirect
- Both of these occur in the area where the skin of the thigh joins the torso (the inguinal crease).
- But both of these have different origins and for the purpose of treatment of Inguinal Hernia, it is important to diagnosis the exact type of Inguinal Hernia
- Incisional hernia develops through weak abdominal walls after abdominal surgery.
- Up to 10% of abdominal surgeries can develop Incisional Hernia.
- If the process of Incisional Hernia treatment is flawed, it can come back.
- It is a common type of Hernia and constitutes around 25% of all Hernia cases.
- Umbilical Hernia is often noted at birth as a protrusion at the bellybutton (the umbilicus).
- Umbilical Hernia is caused due to weakened opening in the abdominal wall, which should normally close before birth but fails to close completely.
- Ventral Hernia is a hernia that surfaces on any part of the Ventral surface of the human body.
- It results is a bulge or tear in the Ventral surface that develops like a balloon-like sac.
Types of Hernia Surgery
- Hernia repair is one of the most common types of Hernia treatment surgical procedure.
- The two types of surgical process used to treat Hernia are as follows:
- Traditional (open) hernia repair
- Laparoscopic hernia repair