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Artificial intelligence and Machine Learning accelerates the robotic surgery revolution

While robotic surgery has been around for more than a decade, the new next generation robots have myriad advantages that have accelerated the robotic revolution across the globe. Backed by Artificial intelligence and machine learning, the new generation robotic systems significantly improve the safety and precision of the surgical procedures.
This has been made possible due to the unstinting efforts of the R&D teams of our industry partners. They understand the need to automate using deep learning data as opposed to behaviour coded by an engineer who is unaware of all the possible scenarios. This deep machine learning data is gathered through observing surgeries. AI can identify patterns in surgical procedures to enhance best practices and increase a surgical robot’s control accuracy to submillimeter precision thanks to this data and sophisticated algorithms.
AI-powered image analysis tools can be used to identify and track surgical instruments and structures within the body, providing real-time guidance to the surgeon during the procedure. These tools can also assist in the identification of unexpected intraoperative events or complications, allowing the surgeon to take appropriate action in a timely manner. These in-built safety mechanisms enhance the clinical outcomes whilst negating surgical errors.
The importance of 3D High definition vision cannot be emphasized enough as it provides a much greater depth perception as compared to a 2D view in laparoscopic surgeries. This adds to the safety during the surgical procedure and reduces the surgical time on the console. The robotic wrists at the ned of the robotic arms allow a wide degree of wrist movements upto almost 720 degrees which overcomes the limitations of the human wrist that can only rotate upto 30 degrees. This wide degree of movement allows fine and delicate wrist movements that has made suturing and complex manouvers a pleasure for surgeons again.
High on dexterity, the next generation robotic system has fast gained its ground across the globe. Being mobile, it can be moved from one operation theatre to another and used for diverse surgical procedures like gallbladder stones, hernia, appendicitis, bariatric/weight loss surgery, fundoplication, gynecological procedures and more.
I have always believed in the power of technology to empower clinicians. Laparoscopy has now become accessible to the masses, Technology always starts at a high price point. But, over a period of time, with greater adoption and mass manufacturing, the prices become more affordable and services more accessible. A good example is that of mobile phones. What was now a status symbol, is now with everyone. Similarly, I foresee 50-60% of all surgeries would be robotic in a decade. Young surgeons will be operating in a 3D environment. The possibilities are endless, exciting and driving towards a more efficient healthcare system.

Posted 22 Aug, 2023